The hexadecimal system (also known as hex or base-16) is a positional numeral system with a base of 16. It uses sixteen distinct symbols: the numbers 0 to 9 to represent values zero to nine, and the letters A to F (or a to f) to represent values ten to fifteen.

In hexadecimal, each digit represents a power of 16. For example, in the hex number 1A3, the 1 is in the 16^2 place, the A (which represents 10 in decimal) is in the 16^1 place, and the 3 is in the 16^0 place.

1. Computing and Digital Electronics: Hexadecimal is widely used in computing and digital electronics as a human-friendly representation of binary-coded values. One hex digit represents four binary digits (bits), making it simpler to understand and communicate large binary numbers.
3. Color Codes in Digital Graphics: Hexadecimal is used to specify colors in digital graphics, as in web design. A hex color code starts with a hash symbol (#) followed by six hex digits, representing the intensity of red, green, and blue in the color.
4. Data Representation: It’s used in programming and data analysis to represent and manipulate data at a low level, such as in assembly languages and debugging.
5. Networking: MAC addresses, which are used to uniquely identify devices on a network, are often represented in hexadecimal.

• Compactness: Hexadecimal representation is more compact than binary, making it easier to read and write.
• Ease of Conversion: It’s easier to convert between hex and binary than between binary and decimal, as each hex digit corresponds directly to a group of four binary digits.
• Widely Supported: Hexadecimal is widely supported and understood in the field of computing and digital electronics.

Understanding hexadecimal is important for professionals in computer science, IT, digital design, and electronics, as it is a fundamental part of how data is represented and processed in digital systems.

Base 16

Decimal:
Binary: