GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation)

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a comprehensive data protection law that came into effect in the European Union (EU) on May 25, 2018. It replaced the previous data protection directive and marked a significant shift by providing a unified data protection framework across the EU. The GDPR aims to give individuals control over their personal data and to simplify the regulatory environment for international business.

Image of the UK and EU flags together
Image of the UK and EU flags together

Basic Use:

  1. Data Privacy and Protection: GDPR regulates the processing of personal data of individuals within the EU by organizations worldwide. It applies to data collected, processed, or stored about EU residents, regardless of where the organization is located.
  2. Consent Management: It mandates obtaining explicit consent for data collection and provides individuals with the right to access, rectify, erase, or transfer their personal data.
  3. Data Breach Notifications: Requires organizations to report certain types of data breaches to relevant authorities and, in some cases, to the individuals affected.
  4. Accountability and Compliance: Organizations must implement appropriate security measures, maintain records of data processing activities, and may need to appoint a Data Protection Officer (DPO).

Differences Between EU GDPR and UK GDPR

After Brexit, the UK adopted its version of the GDPR, known as the UK GDPR. While largely similar to the EU GDPR, there are some key differences:

  1. Jurisdictional Scope:
  1. Data Transfers:
  1. Regulatory Authority:
  1. Legal Framework and Modifications:

Both versions share the same core principles and objectives, focusing on protecting individuals’ personal data and privacy rights. Businesses operating in both the EU and the UK need to comply with both sets of regulations, which involves understanding the specific requirements and legal frameworks of each.