Local Area Networks (LANs) utilize various topologies, each with its specific use cases and characteristics. The choice of topology often depends on factors like network size, objectives, budget, and desired reliability. Here’s a brief description of the common topologies used in LANs:

1. Star Topology

2. Bus Topology

3. Ring Topology

4. Mesh Topology

5. Tree Topology

6. Hybrid Topology


The choice of LAN topology affects network performance, scalability, cost, and maintenance requirements. Star topology is currently the most popular for LANs due to its balance of performance, cost, and ease of management. Hybrid topologies are becoming more common in complex and large-scale network environments where a single topology cannot meet all requirements.


The shape of networks