Public IPv4 Address Description

An IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4) address is a unique identifier assigned to each device connected to a network that uses the IPv4 protocol for communication. An IPv4 address is composed of 32 bits, typically displayed in decimal format as four octets separated by periods (e.g.,

A public IPv4 address is an address that is unique across the entire internet. Unlike private IPv4 addresses, which are used within local networks and are not routable on the internet, public IPv4 addresses must be unique to avoid conflicts and ensure that each device can be uniquely identified on the global internet.

Basic Use of Public IPv4 Address

  1. Internet Communication: The primary use of a public IPv4 address is to enable a device to communicate with other devices over the internet. It acts as an identification number for a device on the global network.
  2. Hosting Services: Public IPv4 addresses are used for hosting web servers, email servers, and other types of services that need to be accessible from anywhere on the internet.
  3. Routing Traffic: Internet routers use public IPv4 addresses to route traffic between devices across the internet. Each packet of data sent over the internet contains the source and destination IPv4 addresses, which guide its journey.
  4. Network Interface Identification: Each device’s network interface that connects to the internet must have a unique public IPv4 address to participate in global network communication.

Challenges and Limitations

Public IPv4 addresses are a fundamental aspect of global network communication, enabling devices to uniquely identify themselves and communicate over the internet. The shift towards IPv6 is addressing the limitations of IPv4, particularly in terms of the available address space.


The address of WAN’s